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Grammatical Groups of Verb Makers

Rule #26

The majority of verb makers belong to Group 1.

Examples

  • /u-1, /it-1, /ngnguq-1, /tuu-1, /ujaaq-1, /rjuujaaq-1, /qaq-1, /irut-1,+luk-1, /liaq-1, +liri-1, +taaq-1, /raaq-1
    => qimmi-qar-tunga (~ qimmi-qar-tara)
    => qarli-taar-tunga (~ qarli-taar-tara)
    => mivvi-liar-tunga (~ mivvi-liar-tara)

Few verb makers belong to Group 4.

Examples

  • /ijaq-2 (~ /ija-i-1), /liuq-2 (~ /liu-ri-1)
    => kuki-ija-i-junga ~ kuki-ijar-tara ~ kuki-ijar-tunga
    => atji-liu-ri-junga ~ atji-liur-tara ~ atji-liur-tunga

Very few verb makers belong to Group 2.

Example

  • /vik-
    => atausi-vi-tsunga ~ atausi-vi-tsugu

No verb maker belongs to Groups 3 and 5.

The very common verb maker /gi-2 (‘to have as’, Group 4) has a peculiar property: no verb extender enables it to take a one-person ending.

=> irni-ri-gakkit

A few verb makers that usually take one-person endings (Group 1) can exceptionally take two-person endings.

Example

  • +tuq-(1)
    => aqiggi-vinir-tu-tunga / uummati-tur-tara

Finally, note that there are homophonic verb makers.

Example

  • /uq-1 (1) ≠ /uq-2 (4)
    => miv-vi-mu-ur-tunga
    => qua-qa-uti-mu-ur-tara

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