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Professional development

Teaching Language is about Finding Balance

We encourage you to use a balanced literacy approach for teaching and learning a second language. A balanced literacy approach is holistic; it recognized that the 3 ESL competencies intertwine to promote language acquisition. A balance literacy approach means ensuring that all 3 ESL competencies are regularly targeted as learning objectives in your classroom and that you strive to balance the amount of time you spend teaching each competency.  

Your literacy routine should include set times for the following components:  

*The above times are only suggestions. Find a routine that works for your students and respects your assigned language teaching time.  

We encourage you to set a literacy routine to ensure you’re allocating teaching time to each of the 3 competencies. Setting a routine may also help with classroom management. The specific routine you set with your students will depend on the grade level you teach, your allocated teaching time, and the abilities and attention spans of your students. If you’re teaching at the primary level, your routine may change slightly as the year progresses. You may spend more time focusing on oral language with primary students at the beginning of the year, and gradually progress to allocating more time for reading and writing as your student become more proficient in their second or third language. While the time you allocate to each competency may shift slightly over the duration of the school year, it’s important to stick to the same general routine for your literacy blocks. 

The goal: Allot daily time to teaching and practicing each of the language competencies. Focus on clear and precise teaching to give students time to practice and integrate their knowledge! 

Learn more about literacy assessment in Nunavik.


Competency 1: Interacts Orally in English 

Competency 2: Understands and Responds to Text 

Competency 3: Writes Text 

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