Locative pronouns refer to the location where the process expressed by the verb takes place.
The exact meaning of ta(C)- is unclear.
Some postbases and tails can be added to locative pronouns.
Adding a noun extender to a locative pronoun produces a noun stem.
Adding a verb maker to a locative pronoun produces a verb stem.
Adding a tail to a locative pronoun does not change the category.
Note that /uq- cannot be added to locative pronouns. Verb bases (for example tamaungngaq-) are used instead.
In order to express relative location, note that Inuktitut uses locative noun bases with possessive endings.
Here is a partial list of these bases (combined with the ending /ngani, locative case, singular, third person singular possessor):
- qaa-ngani on the upper side of
- qula-ani above
- ata-ani under
- saa-ngani in front of
- sivura-ani in front of
- nala-ani directly in front of
- tunu-ani behind, at the back of
- sivu-ani in the front part of
- kingu-ani in the back part of
- tuki-ani in the axis of
- akunni-ngani in the space between
- avata-ani around
- aki-ani on the opposite side of (sea, lake, river, valley)
- itivi-ani on the opposite side of (land, peninsula, moutain)
- ilu-ani inside
- immu-ani inside (something rolled up, something wrapped)
- ikia-ngani inside, within
- tunga-ani at the foot of
- irqa-ani at the bottom of (a liquid)
- silata-ani outside
- kangi-ani on the landside of, on the upstream side of
- kita-ani on the seaside of, on the downstream side of
- ungata-ani beyond/behind
- mitsa-ani under/in front of
- sani-ani near, on the external edge of
- sinaa-ngani on the internal edge of
- killi-ngani on the edge of
- talirpi-ani to the right of
- saumi-ani to the left of
- qiti-ngani in the middle of
- isu-ani at the end of
- nungngu-ani at the end of
- qingngu-ani at the end of
- tarra-ngani at the north of
- siqini-ngani at the south of
- aggu-ani on the side exposed to the wind of
- urqu-ani on the side sheltered from the wind of